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The Ultimate Guide to Spotting Counterfeit Textbooks – And Why Amazon May Be Contributing to the Problem

Amazon counterfeit textbooks

If you source textbooks to resell, note that there are counterfeits out there. Not enough to scare you into avoid the business entirely, but enough to keep your eyes peeled.

It's appealing for the unscrupulous to commit the crime of duplicating a textbook (please don't do this, it's obviously illegal):

  • Copying has become cheaper and easier than ever before
  • Textbook prices, even in used condition, can still be lucrative on Amazon and other sites. The tempation to make an illegal copy of a book that costs the maker $50 (or dramatically less if they're printed in bulk) is high when the price on Amazon is $250+
  • You can easily find a body of unwitting, eager Amazon resellers who would gladly - but unwittingly - buy book at a far cheaper price from the counterfeiter on (say) eBay or Abebooks, where it's easy for those criminals to post and sell their counterfeit inventory. And those resellers would gladly buy multiple copies from them
  • As soon as the counterfeit copies are shipped and go through the cycle of being sold on other sites, it becomes difficult for the reseller to find out who exactly sold him/her the counterfeit book, and almost impossible to nail the perpetrator.

In 2016 I made a video on how to spot counterfeit textbooks on Amazon. That black market has become a little more sophisticated and aggressive since then.

I recently received an email from a reader (Fred) whose Amazon seller account got put on hold for 30+ days because a used book he was selling for $10 (!) was reported by the buyer (to Amazon) as counterfeit.

Fred buys books in bulk from liquidators and - like most sellers, including myself - didn't think of checking them because "on the surface", each one looked legit as he listed them.

Here's a copy of his email. In short:

  • All of Fred's inventory is FBM (Fulfilled by Merchant) so after the $10 book was flagged, he was able to go through his 8,000 book inventory himself to look for counterfeits
  • He found "dozens more" counterfeit books (all different ones) in his inventory
  • Now there are other tell-tale signs to look for in identifying counterfeit books (I go over them later in this post)
  • Amazon themselves may be an unwitting (?) culprit themselves because it's possible that when Amazon discards counterfeit books, they end up in their gayords of books that they then sell to businesses (like Liquidation.com and hundreds more.) Those liquidating companies don't inspect their bulk buys closely before they sell that inventory to resellers
  • He got his seller account restored, but not without a lot of stress of course

Just to test my theory, I bought about 200 used books in an auction from Liquidation.com. Liquidation.com clearly listed the auction as "Amazon Liquidation", meaning Liquidation.com purchased the inventory from Amazon. (I don't recommend sourcing from Liquidation.com as the margins can be pretty thin.) Below is an example e of a bulk used book auction on Liquidation.com. Note the "sourced_from_amazon_liquidations" indication (green arrow). You can click on the image to enlarge it.

amazon counterfeit texbooks

Here's what I discovered with my Liquidations.com purchase:

  • Many of the books in my lot had Amazon FBA barcode labels on them and/or Amazon Rental barcode labels. This was to be expected
  • The books were at Liquidation.com's Nevada location near me (North Las Vegas), so I didn't have to pay for shipping the lot to me. Shipping ("freight") would have markedly reduced the already-thin profit margin.
  • When I received the lot, I specifically looked for signs of counterfeit copies and I couldn't see any
  • Liquidation.com allows the buyer to inspect the entire lot before pickup to ensure the lot is as advertised. So even though it's not convenient nor efficient to do so, I had the opportunity to reject the lot if I discovered it contained counterfeit books
  • I only bought one lot of books. I surmise Amazon sellers who frequently buy gaylords/multiple lots of books are encountering counterfeit copies here and there
  • My lot contained books that were new reprints of public domain books where the inside pages looked like they were photocopied, but it's not illegal to reprint public domain works since they are not copyrighted

Now let's take a look of some signs of counterfeit books (thanks to Fred who provided images of his counterfeit inventory to me).

1.) "Blotchy" glue jobs on the inner part of the binding. This is where the printer glues all the pages to the binding. A professional printing job's gluing is neat and linear. But in these photos of a counterfeit book, you'll see lumps of glue and a sloppy glue job:

How to spot counterfeit books sold

Note the glue between the binding and the pages is in 'blotches', not a neat linear seam.


Fake textbook on Amazon

Note the sloppy glue job at the bottom edge of the binding

2.) Photocopied cover and inside. This might seem obvious but note that the fraudulent book had some color to it (even though the colors are markedly different from the authentic book.) The use of a little color in the copy is probably used to "throw off" the unwitting reseller:

3.) Wrong book dimensions and/or wrong # of pages. This is a little inconvenient to check.  Many books on Amazon include the dimensions provided by the publisher. You can find the dimensions under the "Product Details" section. Here's an example. A counterfeiter will not bother ensuring their produced copies have the same height, width and depth. If you measure the counterfeit book itself, you'll see dramatic differences in almost all cases.

Additonally, counterfeit books can have a total # of pages that differ significantly from what's indicated in the Amazon page (also in the "Product Details" section of a listing).

So what can you do to protect yourself? Here are some tips:

  1. Inspect your inventory before you buy. This is of course difficult if you're buying in bulk. But if the seller of the bulk books will not allow you to inspect the lot before you hand over your payment, take your business elsewhere.
  2. Instead of bulk buying, consider hiring someone (as a contractor, not an employee) to scout for books for you locally. They'll likely encounter far less counterfeits and you can refer them to this very blog post on how to identify fakes. BookToTheFuture's Nathan Holmquist has an excellent free guide on exactly how to do this. I used the guide it myself a couple years ago when I hired a local high school student to find books for me.
  3. If Amazon suspends your account or gives you a warning, comply with them politely and with the spirit of remedying "your mistake." ChannelAdvisor has a free guide to help you. They have additional advice here.
  4. Add new sales channels. Fred created an eBay account on eBay and Shopify. A popular service that duplicates your Amazon inventory on eBay is Joelister (I've used them before). And there is software that will take your Amazon listings and duplicate them onto your own Shopify store. Bytestand is an official Shopify app that will let you duplicate your Amazon products onto your own Shopify store (I haven't used this service). Why add new sales channels? In case your Amazon account is temporarily or perrmanently suspended, you'll have your books listed on other sites. Although your sales will likely be far less than what they were on Amazon, at least you have an immediate alternative solution to sell your inventory.

Do you have any stories of sourcing counterfeit books? Post them below.

{ 16 comments… add one }
  • Gian Carlo October 30, 2019, 5:45 am

    Do the counterfeit books have the same content with the originals?

    • Jordan Malik October 30, 2019, 11:10 am

      I’m pretty confident that counterfeiters are doing zero quality control on their illegal copies. Avoid reselling them.

  • proxy list June 5, 2019, 6:48 pm

    Hello,I log on to your blogs named “The Ultimate Guide to Spotting Counterfeit Books” daily.Your humoristic style is witty, keep up the good work!

  • JB March 25, 2019, 9:00 am

    Jordan, I always enjoy your articles and I know your trying to help people but your almost giving sellers a false sense of security. Although these tips are good for spotting the obvious counterfeits it’s almost impossible to spot the good ones that came out in 2014-Present. Few other things:

    – If I remember correctly a single counterfeit book is liable up to 1M and you can be taken to court for up to 6 years

    – Book Flippers and Amazon Bulk buyers – most of those books come from the big players (TextBookRUS, RentU which is BookByte, Follett, Chegg, NBC). These are all the same people who have already been sued and are the ones who put the books into circulation so a high percentage of those stickered books are counterfeit.

    – The recent textbooks have little to do with the counterfeits in 2019. Sellers need to stop thinking about ‘popular textbooks, high-value textbooks’. Most of the counterfeits hit the market in 2014 with the big crackdown coming in 2016/2017 so anything selling well in 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 or 2017 are where your going to find most of the counterfeits. These books are selling for $10 now, sales ranks over a million, publication dates going back to 2005 with newer editions out – its an absolute mess. These are the books bought in the last sting mentioned earlier and referenced in multiple lawsuits.

    – There are 103 Imprints on the list at the stop counterfeit books website last time I checked. The combination of those Imprint / Publisher names on Amazon (think different spellings / abbreviations) is over 620. This does not include all the blank publishers or ‘B’ ASINS people created to get around the restricted books. Meaning there is no way to just ‘scan’ your inventory looking for possible issues by looking for just the big 4 publishers names.

    – The most recent lawsuit in the Pacer system targeted sellers on eBay

    – Its not just the test buys any of the companies in the EPEG Best Practices are required to send your information and report any counterfeit textbooks they buy online from other sellers – basically the companies that put the counterfeits into the market and were sued are the only ones who can be part of the EPEG (exception of TextbooksRush who did the most damage) and now get to report the books sellers who likely bought them from the EPEG members to start with – that’s how screwed up this is

    – Does not matter who you acquired the book from if you sell a counterfeit book your guilty and if sued will need to defend yourself or receive a default judgement. Defending yourself means having a lawyer in NY and you can imagine the cost of that and that’s before a settlement.

    I’m just trying to get across the point that this is much more serious than losing your Amazon account. Agree 100% that sourcing locally is a much better idea but with that said my local community college run by Follett has multiple used counterfeit books on the shelves. When I asked the staff about their counterfeit training one of their safeguards was they only buy from students – I then asked if those students had to buy from them first – that was a ‘no’ which explained how all the counterfeits were getting on the shelves.

    At any rate anyone involved in textbooks should spend an afternoon using the Pacer system going through the lawsuits in NY related to counterfeit textbooks and looking through the books referenced in the lawsuits. These are just the lawsuits filed I’m sure there are several other settlements.


    • Jordan Malik March 26, 2019, 2:33 am

      Hi, I think you have some good points here, but please if you have specific URLs/news stories that back up your points, please post them here.

  • Steve March 25, 2019, 6:26 am

    This is such an important article. The absolute number one piece of advice you can take from this is #4 … ADD NEW SALES CHANNELS!!! (I wrote that in caps because I’m yelling). If you only sell on Amazon you don’t own your own business. You don’t even own your own job. YOU WORK FOR AMAZON!!! (yelling again). You can be suspended or fired (banned) by Amazon at any time for no reason and you have NO recourse. You can say to yourself “I have nothing to worry about. I would never sell a counterfeit textbook on Amazon”. Well you don’t have to sell a counterfeit textbook (and you most likely will at some point because everyday more and more counterfeits are making it into the used book market). You just have to be ACCUSED of selling one. That’s what happened to me (I sold $100,000 + [gross] both of the last two years. My net was much, much, much less so I’m not fake internet bragging [Amazon kept most of the money]. The point being Amazon doesn’t care about you). I was suspended for a month and after several appeals I was reinstated. Fortunately I have other sources of income and I don’t need Amazon. If Amazon is your only source of income BE AFRAID, BE VERY AFRAID. And immediately add other sales channels. You’ve been warned.

  • Reid March 21, 2019, 8:12 pm

    Hey Jordan & Fellow Readers,
    Here is a very interesting link by CNBC from December 2018 describing Amazon conducting its own “sting operation” to catch counterfeiters including a nonprofit book seller supporting African children who bought an $8 book at a library sale.. Go figure! https://www.cnbc.com/2018/12/13/amazon-and-publishers-hurting-small-sellers-in-counterfeit-sting.html

    • Jordan Malik March 22, 2019, 5:27 am

      Reid this is very interesting, I’m embarassed I missed this article. Thank you for sharing!

  • Rita March 21, 2019, 10:09 am

    Thank you Jordan it is good to know when I am buying books

  • Joe Aqui March 20, 2019, 5:09 pm

    Aloha and mahalo, Jordan! I gravitate towards people of integrity, and you, sir, are a cut above!

  • BRUCE March 20, 2019, 4:38 pm

    I have been experiencing mounting problems with Amazon, despite selling for a decade, with good metrics and feedback. I am slowly being put out of business. Amazon’s attitude toward my small business changed in Oct. 2018. I was accused of over 50 Pricing Errors and all of those ASIN’s were stranded. None of the pricing was wrong. I complained and protested over and over to no avail. Then as suddenly as they had appeared they all disappeared and were unstranded. Next came the 96 stranded ASIN’s due to not being Qualified to sell in the Category. The category is Books. I have been selling Books for ten years. That is about 120 expensive textbooks I can no longer sell starting in, the second busiest selling season, January 2019. Next, I have been banned from selling many more ASIN’s from more than a dozen publishers. It must be Amazon banning these ASIN’s yet there are still many small sellers in the marketplace. These actions have cost me thousands of dollars in sales. My business continues to get smaller and smaller. Now I am regularly being accused of Intellectual Property Infringements. Required to admit my crimes and explain how they will never happen again. It is a very weird world Amazon has now have created. I am a small seller who wants to sell textbooks, but I will soon have to find another platform. Amazon has banned the selling of my best sellers but won’t tell me why. They did agree to pay for the cost of shipping home all of my “Stranded” books and they gave me three months free Amazon fees. So in a way they have admitted guilt. But, still won’t fix the problem.

    • Jordan Malik March 21, 2019, 5:10 pm

      Hi Bruce. I’m sorry to hear that. I do occasionally hear of stories like yours. I just added a new section to the above blog post about duplicating your inventory onto Shopify and/or eBay in the event a temporary/permanent hold or suspension happens. Here’s hoping Amazon recongnizes this and rights the ship – they count on 3rd party sellers for at least 50% (last I checked) of their sales.

  • Frank March 20, 2019, 3:04 pm

    Thanks for making me aware

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